Correlative conjunctions adalah konjungsi yang dipakai untuk menghubungkan unsur-unsur kalimat antara kata dengan kata, frase dengan frase, dan klausa dengan klausa (seperti halnya coordinating conjunctions).
Konjungsi ini selalu digunakan berpasangan. Unsur-unsur kalimat yang dihubungkan harus mempunyai kedudukan sejajar (parallel) sesuai dengan struktur gramatikal. Jika subjek singular dan plural dihubungkan, maka subjek yang paling dekat akan menentukan apakah verb itu singular atau plural.
Konjungsi yang umumnya digunakan adalah:
- not only…but also
-She can both speak and write Japanese.
- Both my sister and my brother play the piano.
- I’m going to buy either a camera or a CD player with the money.
- Either she goes or I go.
- Shakespeare was not only a writer but also an actor.
- He not only read the book, but also remembered what he had read.
- He is neither rich nor famous.
- Neither Tom’s mother nor his father spoke English.
- Whether you win this race or lose it doesn’t matter as long as you do your best.
- She was uncertain whether to stay or leave.
- I didn’t know whether to believe him or not.
Jika menggunakan coorelative conjunctions untuk menghubungkan independent clauses, sebaiknya gunakan tanda baca koma (,) sebelum klausa yang kedua.
- Either Jane will conclude the experiment by April, or she will ask for additional research funds.
Correlative Conjunctions are those conjunctions which are in the form of pair of words.
The common Correlative Conjunctions are:
1. Either …or…
• Either John or George must have done this mischief.
• Neither peter nor Andrew has passed the test.
• For seeking admission in a US university, you should sit for both GRE and TOEFL.
• I do not know whether my father is arriving by the 8o’clock flight or 9o’clock flight.
5. Not only…but also…
• She not only wrote the screenplay for the movie but also acted a role in it.
• I see only such movies as have good songs.
• Such was the weather the whole of today that I decided to stay indoors.
• If you are as intelligent as your father, it will not be difficult for you to run your family business.
• As you sow, so you reap.
• I had hardly sat down for dinner, when the phone rang.
• I left home early so that I would not miss the 7o’clock train to the city.
• Clinton had scarcely reached the platform when the train started moving.
• The meeting will take place between 5 p.m and 6 p.m.
14. As many as
• There are as many chairs as there are students.
• Application will be issued by the college from 9 am to 4 pm.
• Never before in the history of music have musical superstars been able to command such extraordinary fees of the kind as they do today.
• After five years of military service, graduate of the USA must decide whether to continue his career as officer or leave the military.
Such a Correlative Conjunction should be used properly to complete the sentence beautifully.