Edufication

Educator Modification

Irregular/Regular Verbs

IRREGULAR VERBS

Kata kerja tak beraturan

Kata-kata kerja yang tidak mematuhi peraturan yang normal yang bentuk lampaunya tidak dibentuk dari infinitif ditambah ed atau d disebut irregular verbs. Dibawah ini daftar kata-kata kerja tak beraturan

IRREGULAR VERBS

I. Ketiga-tiganya berbeda.

Infinitive Past Tense (V2) Past Participle (V3) -ing form Arti

1. Verbs that pattern like: sing, sang, sung

begin began begun beginning mulai

drink drank drunk drinking minum

ring rang rung ringing berdering

shrink shrank,shrunk shrunk shrinking menyusut

sing sang sung singing menyanyi

sink sank sunk sinking tenggelam

spring sprang, sprung sprung springing membuka

swim swam swum swimming berenang

2. Verbs that pattern like: break, broke, broken

break broke broken breaking pecah

choose chose chosen choosing memilih

freeze froze frozen freezing membeku

steal stole stolen stealing mencuri

speak spoke spoken speaking berbicara

3. Verbs that pattern like: blow, blew, blown

blow blew blown blowing bertiup

draw drew drawn drawing menggambar

fly flew flown flying terbang

grow grew grown growing tumbuh, timbul

know knew known knowing mengetahui,

throw threw thrown throwing melemparkan

withdraw withdrew withdrawn withdrawing mencabut

4. Verbs that pattern like: drive, drove, driven

drive drove driven driving mengendarai

ride rode ridden riding menunggang

(a)rise (a)rose (a)risen rising naik, terbit

strive strove striven striving menuju, mengejar cita

smite smote smitten smitting memukul

stride strode stridden striding melangkah

shave shaved shaven shaving mencukur

strike struck stricken striking memukul

write wrote written writing menulis

5. Verbs that pattern like: wear, wore, worn

bear bore borne, born bearing memikul

swear swore sworn swearing bersumpah

tear tore torn tearing merobek

wear wore worn wearing memakai

6. Verbs that pattern like: bite, bit, bitten

bite bit bitten,bit biting menggigit

chide chid chidden chiding mencaci

hide hid hidden hiding bersembunyi

7. Verbs that pattern like: shake, shook, shaken

mistake mistook mistaken mistaking salah mengira

partake partook partaken partaking mengambil bagian

shake shook shaken shaking bergoncang

take took taken taking mengambil

forsake forsook forsaken forsaking meninggalkan

8. Verbs that pattern like: give, gave, given

forbid forbad(e) forbidden forbidding melarang

forgive forgave forgiven forgiving memaafkan

give gave given giving memberi

9. Verbs that pattern like: mow, mowed, wown

mow mowed mown mowing memotong rumput

hew hewed hewn hewing menebang

sew sewed sewn, sewed sewing menjahit

sow sowed sown, sowed sowing menaburkan

saw sawed sawn, sawed sawing menggergaji

show showed shown, showed showing mempertunjukkan

strew strewed strewn strewing menabur

prove proved proven proving membuktikan

swell swelled swollen, swelled swelling membengkak,

10. Miscellaneous

(a)wake (a)woke (a)woken waking berjaga, melek

be (am,is,are) was, were been ialah, adalah

do did done doing mengerjakan

go went gone going pergi

lie lay lain lying terletak

dive dove dived diving menyelam

eat ate eaten eating makan

fall fell fallen falling jatuh

see saw seen seeing melihat

slay slew slain slaying membunuh

II. Kedua dan ketiganya sama

Infinitive Past Tense (V2) Past Participle (V3) -ing form Arti

1. Verbs that pattern like: hang, hung, hung

cling clung clung clinging berpegangan

dig dug dug digging menggali

hang hung hung slinging bergantung

sling slung slung slinging melemparkan

spin spun spun spinning memintal

stick stuck stuck sticking menempelkan

string strung strung stringing memberi tali

sting stung stung stinging menyengat

strike struck struck striking memukul

swing swung swung swinging mengayunkan

wring wrung wrung wringing memeras

2. Verbs that pattern like: feed, fed, fed

bleed bled bled bleeding berdarah

breed bred bred breeding memelihara

creep crept crept creeping merangkak

dream dreamed, dreamt dreamed, dreamt dreaming bermimpi

feed fed fed feeding memberi makan

feel felt felt feeling merasa

flee fled fled fleeing melarikan diri

keep kept kept keeping menyimpan

kneel knelt, kneeled knelt, kneeled kneeling berlutut

lead led led leading memimpin

leap leapt, leaped leapt, leaped leaping meloncat(i)

leave left left leaving meninggalkan

mean meant meant meaning berarti,bermaksud

meet met met meeting bertemu

sleep slept slept sleeping tidur

speed sped, speeded sped, speeded speeding mempercepat

sweep swept swept sweeping menyapu

weep wept wept weeping menangis

3. Verbs that pattern like: bring, brought, brought

beseech besought besought, beseeched beseeching memohon

bring brought brought bringing membawa

buy bought bought buying membeli

catch caught caught catching menangkap

fight fought fought fighting berkelahi

seek sought sought seeking mencari

teach taught taught teaching mengajar

think thought thought thinking mengira

4. Verbs that pattern like: bend, bent, bent

bend bent, bended bent, bended bending membengkokkan

lend lent lent lending meminjamkan

rend rent rent rending membelah

send sent sent sending mengirim

spend spent spent spending mengeluarkan

5. Verbs that pattern like: bind, bound, bound

bind bound bound binding mengikat

find found found finding menemukan

grind ground ground grinding menggiling

wind wound wound winding berputar-putar

6. Verbs that pattern like: pay, paid, paid

lay laid laid laying menaruh

mislay mislaid mislaid mislaying salah meletakkan

pay paid paid paying membayar

say said said saying berkata

7. Verbs that pattern like: sell, sold, sold

sell sold sold selling menjual

tell told told telling memberitahu,cerita

8. Miscellaneous

abide abode abode abiding berdiam

build built built building membangun

clothe clad (clothed) clad clothing membeli sandang

forget forgot forgotten forgetting lupa,melupakan

get got got, gotten getting memperoleh

have(has) had had having mempunyai

hear heard heard hearing mendengar

hold held held holding memegang

light lighted,lit lighted, lit lighting menyalakan

lose lost lost losing kehilangan

make made made making membuat

shine shone shone shining bersinar

shoe shod shod shoeing memasang ladam

shoot shot shot shooting menembak

sit sat sat sitting duduk

slide slid slidden sliding longsor, meluncur

stand stood stood standing berdiri

understand understood understood understanding mengerti

withstand withstood withstood withstanding menahan

win won won winning menang

dwell dwelt dwelt dwelling bertempat tinggal

fling flung flung flinging membuang

lean leant, leaned leant, leaned leaning bersandar

learn learnt, learned learnt, learned learning belajar

blend blended blended, blent blending bercampur

bless blessed, blest blessed, blest blessing memberkati

burn burnt, burned burnt, burned burning membakar

crow crowed, crew crowed crowing berkokok,bangga

melt melted melted, molten melting melebur

misunderstand misunderstood misunderstood misunderstanding salah paham

smell smelt, smelled smelt, smelled smelling berbau,mencium

spell spelt, spelled spelt, spelled spelling mengeja

spill spilt, spilled spilt, spilled spilling menumpahkan

spit spat, spit spat, spit spitting meludah

spoil spoilt, spoiled spoilt, spoiled spoiling merusakkan

withhold withheld withheld withholding menyembunyikan

withstand withstood withstood withstanding melawan,menahan

III. KETIGA-TIGANYA SAMA

Infinitive Past Tense (V2) Past Participle (V3) -ing form Arti

bet bet bet betting bertaruh

cost cost cost berharga

burst burst burst bursting merekah,meledak

cut cut cut cutting memotong

hit hit hit hitting memukul

hurt hurt hurt hurting melukai

let let let letting membiarkan

put put put putting meletakkan

set set set setting mengatur,menyetel

broadcast broadcast broadcast broadcasting memancarkan

forecast forecast forecast forecasting meramalkan

quit quit,quitted quit,quitted quitting melepaskan

read read (baca: red) read (baca: red) reading membaca

shut shut shut shutting menutup

slit slit slit slitting membelah

split split split splitting membelah

spread spread spread spreading membentangkan

sweat sweat sweat sweating berkeringat

thrust thrust thrust thrusting mendorong

wet wet wet wetting membasahi

knit knitted, knit knitted, knit knitting merajut

IV. PERTAMA DAN KETIGA SAMA

Infinitive Past Tense (V2) Past Participle (V3) Arti

come came come coming datang

become became become becoming menjadi

overcome overcame overcome overcoming mengalahkan

run ran run running lari, berlari

V. PERTAMA DAN KEDUA SAMA

Infinitive Past Tense (V2) Past Participle (V3) Arti

beat beat beaten, beat beating memukul


REGULAR VERBS

A. Regular Verb (kata kerja beraturan)

Kata-kata kerja yang mematuhi peraturan yang normal, pada umumnya pembentukan kata lampaunya dengan cara menambahkan ed atau d disebut regular verb. Di bawah ini beberapa contoh regular verbs :

THE REGULAR VERBS

Kata Kerja Beraturan

Infinitive Past Tense Past Participle Arti

abase abased abased menghinakan

abash abashed abashed memalukan

abate abated abated berkurang

abbreviate abbreviated abbreviated menyingkat

abdicate abdicated abdicated turun tahta

abduct abducted abducted menculik

abhor abhorred abhorred membenci

abolish abolished abolished menghapuskan

abridge abridged abridged menyingkat

absorb absorbed absorbed menyerap

abuse abused abused mencaci maki

accelerate accelerated accelerated mempercepat

accept accepted accepted menerima baik

accommodate accommodated accommodated menampung

accompany accompanied accompanied menemani

accomplish accomplished accomplished menyelesaikan

adjust adjusted adjusted menyetel

admire admired admired mengagumi

admit admitted admitted mengakui

adopt adopted adopted memungut (anak)

adore adored adored memuja

advertise advertised advertised mengiklankan

advise advised advised menasehati

agitate agitated agitated menghasut

allot allotted allotted membagikan

alter altered altered mengubah

amplify amplified amplified memperkuat

analyze analyzed analyzed menganalisa

answer answered answered menjawab

apologize apologized apologized meminta maaf

appear appeared appeared muncul, nampak

apply applied applied menggunakan

arrange arranged arranged menyusun, mengatur

ask asked asked minta, menanyakan

avoid avoided avoided mencegah

ban banned banned melarang

bandage bandaged bandaged membalut

banish banished banished membuang

beg begged begged meminta, mengemis

believe believed believed percaya

betray betrayed betrayed menghianati

blame blamed blamed menyalahkan

blast blasted blasted menghancurkan,

block blocked blocked merintangi

boycott boycotted boycotted memboikot

calculate calculated calculated menghitung

call called called memanggil, menelpon

capture captured captured menangkap

carry carried carried membawa

celebrate celebrated celebrated merayakan

change changed changed mengubah

charter chartered chartered mencarter

chat chatted chatted mengobrol

cheat cheated cheated menipu

check checked checked memeriksa

chew chewed chewed mengunyah

circulate circulated circulated mengedarkan

claim claimed laimed menuntut

classify classified classified menggolongkan

climb climbed climbed memanjat

close closed closed menutup

compile compiled compiled menyusun

conceal concealed concealed menyembunyikan

conduct conducted conducted memimpin

confirm confirmed confirmed menegaskan

connect connected connected menghubungkan

cook cooked cooked memasak

copy copied copied menyalin

count counted counted menghitung

criticize criticized criticized mengecam

cry cried cried menangis

damage damaged damaged merusakkan

dance danced danced menari

debate debated debated berdebat

decay decayed decayed membusuk

declare declared declared mengumumkan

decorate decorated decorated menghiasi

defend defended defended mempertahankan

defer deferred deferred menunda

delete deleted deleted menghapuskan

deliver delivered delivered menyerahkan

deposit deposited deposited mendepositokan

describe described described melukiskan

design designed designed merancang

destroy destroyed destroyed memusnahkan

detonate detonated detonated meledak(kan)

develop developed developed mengembangkan

dictate dictated dictated mendiktekan

digest digested digested mencernakan

direct directed directed memimpin, menyutradarai

discuss discussed discussed merundingkan

disturb disturbed disturbed mengganggu

divide divided divided membagi

dry dried dried mengeringkan

duplicate duplicated uplicated menyalin

earn earned earned memperoleh

empty emptied emptied mengosongkan

enjoy enjoyed enjoyed menikmati

erase erased erased menghapus

escape escaped escaped meloloskan diri

estimate estimated estimated menaksir

evaluate evaluated evaluated menilai

examine examined examined memeriksa,ujian

exhibit exhibited exhibited memamerkan

expand expanded expanded memperluas

explain explained explained menjelaskan

export exported exported mengekspor

face faced faced menghadapi

filter filtered filtered menyaring

fix fixed fixed memperbaiki

fold folded folded melipat

formulate formulated formulated merumuskan

free freed freed membebaskan

frolic frolicked frolicked bermainmain

fry fried fried menggoreng

gaze gazed gazed memandang

glow glowed glowed memancarkan cahaya

grumble grumbled grumbled menggerutu

guide guided guided menuntun

handle handled handled menangani

haze hazed hazed memperplonco

help helped helped menolong

hesitate hesitated hesitated raguragu

hijack hijacked hijacked membajak

ignore ignored ignored mengabaikan

imagine imagined imagined mengkhayalkan

import imported imported mengimpor

improve improved improved memperbaiki

insist insisted insisted bersikeras

instruct instructed instructed mengajar, memerintahkan

invent invented invented mencipta(kan)

invest invested invested menanam modal

jog jogged jogged menyentakan

jumble jumbled jumbled mencampurbaur

jump jumped jumped meloncat

kick kicked kicked menyepak

kidnap kidnapped kidnapped menculik

kill killed killed membunuh

kiss kissed kissed mencium

knock knocked knocked mengetuk

label labelled labelled memberi label

land launched launched meluncurkan

legalize legalized legalized mengesahkan

lessen lessened lessened mengurangi

lift lifted lifted mengangkat

limit limited limited membatasi

listen listened listened mendengarkan

localize localized localized melokalisasi

lock locked locked mengunci

look looked looked melihat

mail mailed mailed mengeposkan

maintain maintained maintained memelihara

manage managed managed mengurus

memorize memorized memorized menghafalkan

mimic mimicked mimicked memimikkan

mix mixed mixed mencampurkan

nap napped napped tidur sebentar

neglect neglected neglected melalaikan

notify notified notified memberitahukan

number numbered numbered menomori

obey obeyed obeyed mematuhi

observe observed observed mengamati

occur occurred occurred terjadi

offend offended offended menyakiti hati

offer offered offered menawarkan

open opened opened membuka

operate operated operated mengoperasikan

orbit orbitted orbitted mengorbitkan

pacify pacified pacified menenangkan

paint painted painted melukis, mengecat

panic panicked panicked membuat panik

pass passed passed lulus, melewati

peep peeped peeped mengintip

perform performed performed memainkan

phone phoned phoned menelepon

picnic picnicked picnicked berpiknik

play played played bermain

postpone postponed postponed menunda

prepare prepared prepared mempersiapkan

present presented presented menyajikan

print printed printed mencetak

process processed processed memproses

propel propelled propelled menggerakkan

provide provided provided menyediakan

pull pulled pulled menarik, menghela

push pushed pushed mendorong

quake quaked quaked bergoncang

qualify qualified qualified memberi sifat,

quarrel quarrelled quarrelled bertengkar

question questioned questioned bertanya

quicken quickened quickened mempercepat

quiz quizzed quizzed menguji (siswa)

quote quoted quoted mengutip

raid raided raided menggerebek

rebel rebelled rebelled memberontak

refresh refreshed refreshed menyegarkan

repair repaired repaired memperbaiki

reply replied replied menjawab

report reported reported melaporkan

review reviewed reviewed meninjau ulang

rob robbed robbed merampok

rub rubbed rubbed menggosok

sabotage sabotaged sabotaged menyabotasi

sail sailed sailed berlayar

satisfy satisfied satisfied memuaskan

settle settled settled menyelesaikan

ship shipped shipped mengapalkan

smoke smoked smoked merokok

spray sprayed sprayed menyemprot

stabilize stabilized stabilized memantapkan

stop stopped stopped berhenti, menghentikan

supply supplied supplied menyediakan

tackle tackled tackled mengerjakan

talk talked talked berbicara

telephone telephoned telephoned menelepon

thicken thickened thickened mempertebal,mengentalkan

thin thinned thinned memperjarang

tie tied tied mengikat

train trained trained berlatih,melatih

travel travelled travelled bepergian

type typed typed mengetik

underline underlined underlined menggarisbawahi

update updated updated memperbarui

urge urged urged mendorong, mendesak

use used used memakai

vend vended vended menjaja

veto vetoed vetoed memveto

vie vied vied berlombalomba

visit visited visited mengunjungi

vote voted voted memberi suara

wait waited waited menunggu

walk walked walked berjalan

wash washed washed mencuci

watch watched watched menjaga, menonton

whip whipped whipped mencambuk

whisper whispered whispered membisikkan

whistle whistled whistled bersiul

worry worried worried mencemaskan

yawn yawned yawned menguap karena kantuk

yell yelled yelled berteriak, memekik

yield yielded yielded menyerah

zip zipped zipped menutup ritsleting

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